Roxbury History and Charter

From the History and Description of New England – Vermont, by A.J. Coolidge and J.B. Mansfield; published in Boston by Austin J. Coolidge, in 1860.

“Roxbury, at the southern extremity of Washington County, fifteen miles from Montpelier, was granted November 6, 1780, and chartered to Benjamin Emmons and sixty-four others, August 6, 1781.

The settlement was begun in 1789, by Christopher Huntington, who came originally from Mansfield, Conn., but had resided a short time in Norwich, before his removal to this town.

The town was organized March 24, 1796, and contains an area of 23,040 acres, and is noted chiefly for its marble. There is an inexhaustible supply of the true verd antique, the composition and appearance of which are so identical with that obtained from ancient ruins, that the best judges have mistaken one for the other. Although these quarries have been opened but a short time, this beautiful stone has already found its way into the new capitol extension at Washington, and into the parlors of the wealthy in New York and Paris.”

The first town meeting was in 1797. At that time, the town was primarily a
farming community with sawmills and gristmills being the main industries. After
the Civil War, there wasa  watch manufacturing company that made parts for the
Waltham Company.

In 1848, the railroad was built and Roxbury became a major shipping center. The
town expanded in both population and industry, and included stockyards in
village areas.

The opening of the quarries in 1857 after the discovery of Verde Antique marble
was a great influence in the changing character of the town.

Ninety-four Roxbury men were called to serve in the Civil War, and twenty-nine
were killed. Zed Stanton, a life-long Roxbury resident, became Lieutenant Governor in 1902, then Chief Justice of the Vermont Superior Court in 1908. His house, built in
1900, still stands between the school and the post office.

Roxbury Town Charter
Roxbury VT Family Papers